Type 2 Diabetes – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Risk Factors & Prevention

Type 2 Diabetes

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic medical disease wherein sugar, or glucose, levels increase on your bloodstream. The hormone insulin enables circulation of the sugar from your blood into your cells, which are wherein the sugar is used for energy.

In type 2 diabetes, your body’s cells aren’t able to reply to insulin as they ought to.

With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the results of insulin(a hormone that regulates the motion of sugar into your cells )or would not produce sufficient insulin to keep an everyday glucose level.

There’s no treatment for type 2 diabetes, but you will be capable of controlling the circumstance with the aid of eating properly, exercising and keeping a healthful weight.

If the food plan and workout are not enough to control your blood sugar level nicely, you also may need diabetes medicines or insulin remedy.

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms:

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop slowly. Sometimes, you can have diabetes for years but you don’t know it.

  • Feeling very tired
  • Feeling extremely thirsty
  • Urinating a lot
  • Gaining weight unintentionally
  • Losing weight unintentionally
  • Fatigue
  • Patches of darkened skin
  • Increased hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Wounds that won’t heal

Type 2 Diabetes Causes:

There are many causes of diabetes, the following are the main and common causes of type 2 diabetes;

  • Obesity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Poor diet
  • Eating too much sugar
  • Eating too many carbohydrates
  • Eating foods with artificial sweeteners
  • Drinking too many drinks having artificial sweeteners
  • High stress
  • Family history
  • Genetics

Type 2 Diabetes Mechanism:

Insulin is a naturally forming hormone. Your pancreas produces it and releases it while you consume something.

Insulin regulates transportation sugar out of your bloodstream to cells all through your body, where it’s used for power.

If you have type 2 diabetes, your body turns into resistant to insulin. Your body is no longer using the hormone effectively.

This forces your pancreas to work harder to make extra insulin. over time, this will harm cells in your pancreas. finally, your pancreas may not be able to produce any insulin.

If you don’t produce enough insulin or in case your body doesn’t use it successfully, glucose builds up for your bloodstream. This leaves your body’s cells starved for power.

Approximately 90 percent of humans with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

We all need insulin to stay. It does an essential job. It allows the glucose in our blood to go into our cells and fuel our bodies. when you have type 2 diabetes, your body nevertheless breaks down carbohydrate from your food and drink and turns it into glucose.

The pancreas responds to this with the aid of liberating insulin. however, due to the fact this insulin can’t work nicely, blood glucose levels keep rising.

So greater insulin is launched. For a few humans with type 2 diabetes, this could eventually tire the pancreas out, meaning their body makes less and much less insulin.

This reasons even more blood glucose amount.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment:

First of all your doctor will check your sugar level in your blood through a blood test, and after the results, your treatment will depend.

It is advisable for the diabetic patients to have a blood sugar level test at least once in a month.

  • The main treatment is to lose weight and increase the physical activity.
  • Having a fewer carbs diet
  • insulin injection
  • Include foods rich in fiber
  • Avoid sweet things totally
  • Avoid potato
  • Avoid Rice
  • Start a morning/evening walk
  • Oral drugs
  • Injectable drugs

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors:

Following are the major risk factors of diabetes;

  • Being overweight
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Eating junk foods
  • family members with diabetes
  • Drinking soda
  • Consuming too much sugar
  • Consuming too much of processed food
  • Inactivity
  • Age (being over age 45)

Type 2 Diabetes Prevention:

Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by following ways:

  • Eat healthy foods
  • Maintain a high nutrient-rich diet
  • Exercise Daily
  • Don’t be overweight
  • Consume less sweet items
  • Manage your stress levels
  • Quit Smoking
Type 2 Diabetes – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Risk Factors & Prevention

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